About the Sprawling City of Pune
Pune (formerly Punvadi) is the second largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and is only 150 kilometers from the metropolis. It is considered the cultural capital of the state given the presence of a university, several faculties and renowned teaching centers. There are many museums, palaces and temples. Go and see the temple of Pataleshvara in a cave and those of the hill of Parvati (with a view of the whole city). Back in the city, soak up the atmosphere on a market with music background.
The Peshwa made the city the capital of the Marathe Empire from 1750. Its strategic importance is emphasized by the presence of many forts built on the surrounding hills.
The British took control of the city in 1818 after the Battle of Khadki (Kirkee). They gave it the name of Poona and made it the largest cantonment of South India, attracting merchants, Parsis and Jews from Bombay, and a resort town: in 1820, Pune, with more climate fresh, houses the summer quarters of the Bombay Presidency. Today the city is home to the headquarters of the South Command of the Indian Army.
In the 1970s, the bhagwan Rajneesh (1931-1990), better known under the name of Osho, an iconoclastic and controversial guru, founded the Osho Commune International, which attracted thousands of hippies from around the world. In his ashram, sexual freedom, perpetual celebration, and material pleasure were emphasized. Osho, after attempting to create in the American state of Oregon, an “ideal city,” named Rajneeshpuram, returned to Pune where he died in 1990.
Tourist places in Pune
Pune is an amazing city where a large number of people live. Today you can count more than three million people. Tourists will be interested in visiting various markets of the city. Some markets open strictly on certain days and specialize in certain types of goods.
If you want to have a good rest and see all the Pune sights the best time to visit this city is September – June. Start Pune tours best with exploring the old part of the city – Peshwa. Here are two main attractions of the city that we recommend to visit. Shanivarvad Palace, Open daily on schedule: from 8 am to 6 pm, with breaks from 12.00 to 14.00. Of course, only faded frescoes depicting scenes of Ramayana remained from the previous interior. Very interesting are the excursions to the museum of Raja Kelkar , which works according to the schedule 8.30-12.30 and 15.00-18.00. The museum exhibits a private collection of the famous poet and traveler Dinkar Kelkar, most of which are items of traditional Indian art.
Tours of Pune is also an excellent opportunity to relax and enjoy the measured life of a quiet Indian town. Not far from Pune is the rocky mountains of Bhuleshvara and the valley. Here you can fully enjoy the beautiful panorama from the top of the hill and just wander through the expanses of Indian nature. You can also go on an excursion to the mountain station Mahabaleshwar, where city residents and tourists come to live in nature, get some fresh air and enjoy long walks.